2017 Economic Calendar
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5-Yr Note Auction  
Released On 10/25/2017 1:00:00 PM For 10/25/2017 1:00:00 PM
Auction Results
Total Amount$34 B 
Coupon Rate2.000% 
Yield Awarded2.058% 

Results are moderate for the monthly 5-year note auction, where coverage, at 2.44, was in the middle of this year's range, and the bidding slightly sloppy, pulling up the high yield to the awarded 2.058 percent, about 0.1 basis points above the 1:00 bid. End investor demand was lukewarm, despite the highest yield available at a 5-year auction since 2011. Hence, while non-dealers took down 73 percent of the $34 billion offering, well above the 61 percent long term average, it was their smallest share since April. The 2.058 percent high yield was 14.7 basis points above last month's rate, reflecting a general uptrend in Treasury yields in October as the Fed commenced the unwinding of its balance sheet, as well as the anticipation of another hike in the Fed funds rate in December.

Treasury notes are sold at regularly scheduled public auctions. The competitive bids at these auctions determine the interest rate paid on each Treasury note issue. A group of securities dealers, known as primary dealers, are authorized and obligated to submit competitive tenders at Treasury auctions. Dealers can hold the notes, resell the notes to their clients or trade them with other securities firms. Typically, the New York Fed approves about 20 securities firms to be primary dealers but that number dropped sharply during the 2008 financial crisis as some were merged into other firms or went bankrupt. The Fed has been rebuilding that number regularly and the latest list can be found here. The Treasury announces the amount, date and time of the 5-year note auction monthly. The 5-year notes are announced around the third week of the month (usually on Thursday) and then auctioned the following week. In all cases, the 5-year notes are issued (settled) on the last day of the month, unless it falls on a weekend or holiday, and then they are issued on the next business day. (Department of the Treasury)  Why Investors Care

Data Source: Haver Analytics
It is not unusual to see average yields on 5-year notes to run at least 100 basis points over the fed funds rate target - at least during periods of stability in monetary policy stance. But the differential has swung in some years. In 2007 and early 2008, the 5-year note rate was below the fed funds target on tight monetary policy. In latter 2008 and through 2011, extremely loose monetary policy pushed the differential back up. This chart shows the high yield awarded at monthly 5-year note auctions since January 2012 up to and including the latest auction results.
Data Source: Haver Analytics

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